David K. Ginsborg
 
  • Deputy to the Assessor
  • Phone: 408-299-5588

Email us, the fastest way to contact us

VIEW / DOWNLOAD MEDIA RELEASE

“Up and to the right, not forever,” cautions Assessor Larry Stone.

Consistent with the second longest post-recession recovery, led nationally by the Bay Area’s high technology sector, County Assessor Larry Stone announced today that the annual assessment roll hit $483.2 billion, a 7.34 percent increase over the prior year. The assessment roll reflects the total net assessed value of all real and business property in Santa Clara County as of January 1, 2018.

During the “dot-com” boom 18 years ago, commercial real estate development was largely speculative, often leasing to high tech startups with little or no earnings. When the market went from “dot-com” boom to “dot-com” bust, office vacancy increased to 25 percent in 2009, the height of the “Great Recession.”

Today, major well-established companies like Google, Apple, Samsung, LinkedIn, and Nvidia with real earnings and profits, are acquiring land and buildings, favoring ownership over traditional long-term leases, adding significant stability to the office market against future recessions.

The growth in the assessment roll this year is due primarily to significant new construction, changes in ownership, and growth in business property, i.e. machinery, equipment, computers, and fixtures. In addition, the two percent increase in the assessed value of all properties mandated by Proposition 13, also contributed to the increase in the assessment roll.

One single property owner, Apple Computer, accounted for an increase of $1.5 billion in assessed value, primarily from construction of the Apple Park (Spaceship) campus, in addition to Apple’s acquisition of several existing office buildings and the acquisition of business property.

“Rebounding from the greatest economic downturn since the Great Depression, Silicon Valley economy has surged back to record levels. Santa Clara County is well into the eighth year of recovery since the bottom of the recession in 2010. The turnaround is truly remarkable,” said Stone.

In 2010, unemployment in Santa Clara County stood at 11.2 percent. In May 2018, local unemployment dropped to 2.3 percent, a modern record. Extremely low unemployment rates in Silicon Valley have driven the cost of tech talent to an all-time high, creating a serious high-tech labor shortage. There are more job openings than the number of people unemployed.

“Employment growth during the past eight years has triggered an incredible demand for office and industrial space, apartments, and homes. The result has been a nearly two-thirds increase in the County’s net assessed values,” commented Stone.

TotalNet

However, Stone warned, “Silicon Valley and California are not immune to economic cycles, and our cycles tend to go up and down faster and steeper than the state or the nation. Economic adjustments are inevitable. Real estate owners and developers are beginning to report indications of a mild economic slowdown. Hopefully it will be a soft landing.”

Emerging economic indicators reflect a softness in office and apartment rents and vacancies, primarily due to the aggressive development, some would say overdevelopment, of both new office space and apartment units. Office vacancy declined from 25 percent in 2009 to 11 percent at the end of 2017. But in the first quarter of 2018, office vacancy jumped to 17.4 percent. The preleasing of office space under construction has fallen from a high of 80 percent in 2016, to 48 percent last year, an indication of an oversupply of new office space.

“Uncertainties created by confusing national economic and trade policies, dysfunction and gridlock in Washington, D.C., rising interest rates, are leading to large federal budget deficits, contributing factors to the cooling of the economy,” said Stone.

“The six-year apartment market ‘boom’ is also beginning to soften as price fatigue sets in. Rent growth in 2017 dropped dramatically to less than 3 percent. The peak of the apartment market appears to have passed. Apartment rents in the metropolitan San Jose area increased a whopping 52 percent since 2010, a level that is unsustainable for a healthy local economy.”

“I anticipate local economic cycles will be reflected in future assessment rolls. Housing will likely contribute to the change due to overvalued home prices, driven by too much money, including foreign investments, chasing too few homes, causing prices to skyrocket,” said Stone. Last year, 68 percent of homes in Santa Clara County sold for more than the asking price, and 22 percent of residential transactions were all cash. “Because of the rapid increase in home sales at record prices, residential properties most vulnerable to a downturn are those purchased during the past three years,” cautioned Stone.

The collapse of residential property values during the “Great Recession” (2009-2011) caused the Assessor to proactively reduce the assessed value of 136,559 properties for a total assessment reduction of $27 billion.

The other major contributor to the net assessment roll is business property, which grew 5.15 percent. The decrease of corporate expenditures for machinery, computer equipment, furniture, and fixtures is another indication that our local economy is stabilizing.

net unsecured

The Assessor’s Office has once again closed the assessment roll by the statutory deadline of July 1, 2018, returning $650,000 unspent funds to the County’s general fund.

Every five years the State Board of Equalization (BOE) conducts a comprehensive audit to verify the accuracy of the County’s assessments and to measure compliance with California’s Revenue and Taxation codes, including Proposition 13. The minimum value compliance ratio is 95 percent. The BOE audit of Santa Clara County indicated a net ratio of 99.48 percent. “Getting it right is the most important thing when it comes to treating taxpayers fairly,” said Board of Supervisors President Joe Simitian. “It’s reassuring to know that our Assessor, Larry Stone, and his office have really gone the extra mile to deliver accurate results.”

The Assessor’s Office will be mailing the annual assessment notice to 490,146 property owners reporting each property’s 2018-2019 assessed value on Friday, June 29. The notice serves as the basis for the property tax bill mailed in the fall. Santa Clara County is one of only nine other counties in California providing early notice to all property owners. “Most property owners in California learn of their assessed value for the first time when they receive their property tax bill in October,” said Stone.

What property owners can do if they disagree with the assessed values on their notice card?

Property owners who disagree with the assessed value printed on their notice are encouraged to take advantage of the Assessor’s “online tool,” available 24/7, enabling property owners to review the sale of comparable properties the Assessor used to determine their assessment. An interactive service modeled after online banking, the Opt-In Tool, allows taxpayers to securely receive assessment notices, in addition to interacting with the Assessor’s Office electronically rather than by mail, telephone, or in person. To access the data, a property owner must have a user name and password created last year, or the PIN listed in the annual assessment notice.

Property owners who can demonstrate that their assessed value is higher than the market value of their property are encouraged to request an informal review of their assessment. The Assessor’s property appraisal staff will complete as many informal reviews as possible prior to August 1, the deadline for making changes that will be reflected on the property tax bill mailed in the fall. More information is available at www.sccassessor.org.

The annual notice also describes the process for filing a formal assessment appeal by the September 15, 2018 deadline. Residential property owners who decide to file a formal assessment appeal, are encouraged to request their appeal be adjudicated by an independent residential Value Hearing Officer (VHO), rather than the more formal three-member Assessment Appeals Board. VHO hearings are scheduled frequently, allowing a more rapid resolution.

“Property owners who disagree with the assessed value should not wait for the tax bill before filing an appeal, as the tax bill is mailed by the Tax Collector after the assessment appeal filing deadline,” said Stone.

More information is available from the Clerk of the Board by calling (408) 299-5088, or going to their website (http://www.sccgov.org/assessmentappeals).

The major beneficiaries of property tax revenue are California’s public schools and community colleges. 51 percent of local property tax revenue generated in Santa Clara County goes to fund public education.

Note: Additional information, such as a detailed city-by-city breakdown of the assessment roll, is available in the Assessor’s Annual Report published in August. Property owners who want to receive the Annual Report can send an email to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

 

Tagged under

VIEW / DOWNLOAD MEDIA RELEASE

“Silicon Valley’s red hot economy cooling slightly,” said Assessor Larry Stone.

Following the longest positive economic cycle since the “dot-com boom” days, County Assessor Larry Stone announced today that annual assessment roll hit $450 billion, a 7.37 percent increase over the prior year. The assessment roll reflects the total net assessed value of all real and business property in Santa Clara County as of January 1, 2017.

The growth in the assessment roll this year is due primarily to significant new construction, changes in ownership, growth in business property, the two percent increase pursuant to Proposition 13, and value restorations of properties that previously received a temporary reduction (Proposition 8) following the collapse of residential and commercial property values during the “Great Recession.” “The assessment roll also contains the value of business personal property including machinery, equipment, computers, and fixtures acquired by Santa Clara County businesses,” said Stone.

“Silicon Valley’s real estate economy is stabilizing,” said Stone. Santa Clara County has had six consecutive years of job gains, reaching a 4.1% rate of growth, better than the Bay Area overall at 3.3%, and the State at a respectable 2.6%. However in 2016, layoffs by technology companies surged 21 percent, contributing to a flattening of the rate of growth in assessed values year over year,” said Stone. Nevertheless, Silicon Valley has experienced 26 quarters, over six years, of positive office development and leasing.

“Even better, the current economic cycle is nothing like the ‘dot-com boom’ in the late 1990’s, in which real estate development was largely speculative. High tech startups, with little or no earnings, frequently leased far more space than they needed which contributed to the ‘dot-com bust.’ Tenants leased more space than they needed, expecting growth that never occurred. Today, well established companies like Google, Apple, and Samsung with real earnings and profits, are acquiring land and buildings, favoring ownership over long term leases,” said Stone.

“It is important to keep in mind that the annual assessment roll is a snapshot of the real estate market place as of January 1. Recent expressed interest by Google in downtown San Jose, or the development of the new Apple “spaceship” campus will not be fully assessed until completion and occupancy,” said Stone.

Similarly in 2016, the residential sector, both multi-family and single family, continued very strong. During 2016, homes were staying on the market longer, and multiple offers and sales above the asking Assessor’s Media Release Page 1 of 2 June 29, 2017 price were declining. Yet in the second quarter, home prices and sales surged again, up 115 percent from a year earlier.

The major beneficiaries of property tax revenue are California’s public schools and community colleges. Fifty-one percent of local property tax revenue generated in Santa Clara County goes to fund public education.

The Assessor’s Office mailed the annual assessment notice to 488,292 property owners reporting each property’s 2017-18 assessed value. The notice serves as the basis for the property tax bill mailed in the fall. Santa Clara County is one of only nine counties in California providing early notice to all property owners. “Most property owners in California learn of their assessed value for the first time when they receive their property tax bill in October,” said Stone.

What property owners can do if they disagree with the assessed values on their notice card? Property owners who disagree with the assessed value printed on their notice are encouraged to take advantage of the Assessor’s “online tool,” available 24/7, enabling property owners to review the sale of comparable properties the Assessor used to determine their assessment. An interactive service modeled after online banking, the “Opt-In Tool” allows taxpayers to securely receive assessment notices, in addition to interacting with the Assessor’s Office electronically rather than by mail, telephone, or in person. To access the data, a property owner must have a user name and password created last year, or the PIN listed in the annual assessment notice.

Property owners who can demonstrate that their assessed value is higher than the market value of their property are encouraged to request an informal review of their assessment. The Assessor’s property appraisal staff will complete as many informal reviews as possible prior to August 1. The deadline for making changes that will be reflected on the property tax bill is mailed in the fall. More information is available at www.sccassessor.org.

The annual notice also describes the process for filing a formal assessment appeal by the September 15, 2017 deadline. Last November, the fee to file an assessment appeal with the Clerk of the Assessment Appeals Board was eliminated. “I advocated for the elimination of the filing fee, and greatly appreciate the leadership of Supervisor Joe Simitian and the Board of Supervisors,” said Stone.

“Residential property owners who decide to file a formal assessment appeal, are encouraged to request their appeal be adjudicated by an independent residential Value Hearing Officer (VHO), rather than the more formal three-member Assessment Appeals Board. VHO hearings are scheduled frequently, allowing a more rapid resolution.

“Property owners who disagree with the assessed value should not wait for the tax bill before filing an appeal, as the tax bill is mailed by the Tax Collector after the assessment appeal filing deadline,” said Stone.

More information is available from the Clerk of the Board by calling (408) 299-5088 or going to their website here.

Note: Additional information, such as a detailed city-by-city breakdown of the assessment roll is available in the Assessor’s Annual Report published in August. Property owners who want to receive the Annual Report can send an email to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Tagged under

VIEW / DOWNLOAD MEDIA RELEASE

Property Tax Avengers video to aid new homeowners

prpttaxavg

Santa Clara County Assessor Larry Stone revealed his alternate “superhero” personality, the “Property Tax Avenger.” Caught on film, Stone announced a funny and informative video to help new and prospective homeowners eliminate surprises about the most confusing part of purchasing a new home the “supplemental assessment.” “It’s very frustrating. You buy a home, think your property taxes were taken care of during escrow, or as part of the monthly mortgage payments, only to receive a supplemental assessment followed by a supplemental tax bill,” said Stone. “The first call they make is to our office. The Property Tax Avengers are on your side, and this new video will add to information online to help taxpayers reduce confusion about property taxes new homeowners are required to pay after escrow closes.

Playing on the “Avenger” theme, the lighthearted YouTube video is definitely not your typical government video with a talking head in front of a blackboard. Targeted toward individuals who just acquired or have plans to buy a home, the Assessor’s office is hoping to help more than 20,000 new homeowners a year, many of whom are young and first-time homeowners. “New homeowners want to know what to expect, how to quickly navigate the property tax system and opportunities for potential savings. The “Avenge Video” helps them do that and entertain them too,” said Stone.

Although supplemental assessments have been part of California property tax law since 1983, new buyers often overlook the financial impact that generally falls within their first year of ownership. Supplemental assessments and taxes are in addition to the annual assessments and property taxes which are generally prorated during escrow, so that the seller and buyer each pay the portion of taxes attributed to their time of ownership. However, the proration is based on the assessed value prior to the purchase transaction. The supplemental assessment is based on the difference between the prior assessed value and the new assessed value. This value is multiplied by the tax rate, and the resultant tax is prorated for the number of months remaining in the fiscal year from the date of acquisition by the new owner. The tax new homeowners pay is the amount between the regular tax bill prorated in escrow, and the supplemental tax bill, based upon the value of the property as of their date of purchase.

The Assessor and Tax Collector recognize that receiving the Notice of Supplemental Assessment and the supplemental tax bill often come as a surprise.
This “Tax Avenger” video adds to a collection of information on the Assessor’s website including a “Supplemental Estimator”that enables a new property owner to calculate the estimated taxes based upon the anticipated purchase price and month of acquisition. The “Estimator” assists taxpayers to better understand how supplemental assessments and taxes are calculated by the Assessor and the Tax Collector.

Why are there supplemental assessments?
Supplemental assessments were created in 1983 to close what was perceived as loopholes and inequities in Proposition 13. Prior to the creation of supplemental assessments, changes in assessed value due to a change in ownership or completion of new construction would not result in higher taxes until the tax year (July 1 to June 30), following the lien date when the new values were placed on the assessment roll. In some instances, taxes on the new assessments would not be collected for up to 21 months. This resulted in serious differences in tax treatment for transactions that may have only been separated by one day. For example, two houses closed escrow, one the day before the annual lien date and the other the day after; the value increase for each change in ownership was $500,000. The buyer who purchased the day before the lien date would pay taxes on the entire purchase price with the first installment of taxes no later than December 10 that year. The buyer who purchased the day after the lien date would not see the increase in taxes until the tax bill due in December of the following year. If both properties are owned for the same period of time, the buyer who bought a single day before the lien date would pay about $5,000 more in taxes than the other property owner due only to the differences in the initial transaction date.

Adjusting for time
With the implementation of supplemental assessments, the increase or decrease in assessed value is taxed from the first of the month following the date of completion of new construction or the change in ownership. That date is referred to as the event date.

An event date between January 1 and May 31 results in two supplemental Assessments and tax bills. The first supplemental assessment bill is from the first of the month following the event date for the remainder of the fiscal year. The second supplemental bill is for the subsequent fiscal year, beginning July 1 after the event date. If the event date is between June 1 and December 31, there will be only one supplemental assessment in effect for the remainder of that fiscal year.

The amount of the supplemental assessment is the increase or decrease in value as of the event date compared to the value that was previously assessed. Supplemental taxes are prorated based on the number of months remaining in the fiscal year, ending June 30. If the new assessment is lower than the prior assessed value a property tax refund results, rather than additional taxes.

 proptaxavegfooter

Tagged under

VIEW / DOWNLOAD MEDIA RELEASE

Property Tax Avengers video to aid new homeowners Test

prpttaxavg

Santa Clara County Assessor Larry Stone revealed his alternate “superhero” personality, the “Property Tax Avenger.” Caught on film, Stone announced a funny and informative video to help new and prospective homeowners eliminate surprises about the most confusing part of purchasing a new home the “supplemental assessment.” “It’s very frustrating. You buy a home, think your property taxes were taken care of during escrow, or as part of the monthly mortgage payments, only to receive a supplemental assessment followed by a supplemental tax bill,” said Stone. “The first call they make is to our office. The Property Tax Avengers are on your side, and this new video will add to information online to help taxpayers reduce confusion about property taxes new homeowners are required to pay after escrow closes.

Playing on the “Avenger” theme, the lighthearted YouTube video is definitely not your typical government video with a talking head in front of a blackboard. Targeted toward individuals who just acquired or have plans to buy a home, the Assessor’s office is hoping to help more than 20,000 new homeowners a year, many of whom are young and first-time homeowners. “New homeowners want to know what to expect, how to quickly navigate the property tax system and opportunities for potential savings. The “Avenge Video” helps them do that and entertain them too,” said Stone.

Although supplemental assessments have been part of California property tax law since 1983, new buyers often overlook the financial impact that generally falls within their first year of ownership. Supplemental assessments and taxes are in addition to the annual assessments and property taxes which are generally prorated during escrow, so that the seller and buyer each pay the portion of taxes attributed to their time of ownership. However, the proration is based on the assessed value prior to the purchase transaction. The supplemental assessment is based on the difference between the prior assessed value and the new assessed value. This value is multiplied by the tax rate, and the resultant tax is prorated for the number of months remaining in the fiscal year from the date of acquisition by the new owner. The tax new homeowners pay is the amount between the regular tax bill prorated in escrow, and the supplemental tax bill, based upon the value of the property as of their date of purchase.

The Assessor and Tax Collector recognize that receiving the Notice of Supplemental Assessment and the supplemental tax bill often come as a surprise.
This “Tax Avenger” video adds to a collection of information on the Assessor’s website including a “Supplemental Estimator”that enables a new property owner to calculate the estimated taxes based upon the anticipated purchase price and month of acquisition. The “Estimator” assists taxpayers to better understand how supplemental assessments and taxes are calculated by the Assessor and the Tax Collector.

Why are there supplemental assessments?
Supplemental assessments were created in 1983 to close what was perceived as loopholes and inequities in Proposition 13. Prior to the creation of supplemental assessments, changes in assessed value due to a change in ownership or completion of new construction would not result in higher taxes until the tax year (July 1 to June 30), following the lien date when the new values were placed on the assessment roll. In some instances, taxes on the new assessments would not be collected for up to 21 months. This resulted in serious differences in tax treatment for transactions that may have only been separated by one day. For example, two houses closed escrow, one the day before the annual lien date and the other the day after; the value increase for each change in ownership was $500,000. The buyer who purchased the day before the lien date would pay taxes on the entire purchase price with the first installment of taxes no later than December 10 that year. The buyer who purchased the day after the lien date would not see the increase in taxes until the tax bill due in December of the following year. If both properties are owned for the same period of time, the buyer who bought a single day before the lien date would pay about $5,000 more in taxes than the other property owner due only to the differences in the initial transaction date.

Adjusting for time
With the implementation of supplemental assessments, the increase or decrease in assessed value is taxed from the first of the month following the date of completion of new construction or the change in ownership. That date is referred to as the event date.

An event date between January 1 and May 31 results in two supplemental Assessments and tax bills. The first supplemental assessment bill is from the first of the month following the event date for the remainder of the fiscal year. The second supplemental bill is for the subsequent fiscal year, beginning July 1 after the event date. If the event date is between June 1 and December 31, there will be only one supplemental assessment in effect for the remainder of that fiscal year.

The amount of the supplemental assessment is the increase or decrease in value as of the event date compared to the value that was previously assessed. Supplemental taxes are prorated based on the number of months remaining in the fiscal year, ending June 30. If the new assessment is lower than the prior assessed value a property tax refund results, rather than additional taxes.

 proptaxavegfooter

Tagged under